By Amanda Ferrante, Assistant Editor
With the playing field leveling in terms of product differentiation in many categories, insiders suggest that the only real point of difference for retailers will be in creating the ultimate customer experience for customers.
“Retailers are finally realizing the person who pays their bills and keeps the lights on is the customer. Today, everywhere you look, everywhere you go—you can find perfectly acceptable substitutes for any product of any kind 24/7,” says Pam Danziger, the founder of Unity Marketing and author of the new book, “Shopping: Why We Love It and How Retailers Can Create the Ultimate Customer Experience.” “Finally, retailers are catching on that opening their doors and putting product on the shelf isn’t enough anymore.”
One of the keynote speakers at next week’s Global Shop 2008 event, Danziger suggests retailers will need to give customers the optimal shopping experience through in-store organization and by creating a community feeling among customers. “The focus for retailing success in the future is not so much what you sell, but how you sell it.”
Based on the belief that shopping decisions are influenced by several factors, Danziger has developed her own formula that she suggests retailers apply to their strategy. To demonstrate, she uses the following model:
The Quantum Theory of Shopping
P= (N+F+A) x E Squared
As an example, she cites a female shopping for red velvet shoes. There’s virtually no real need. The features: she has red shoes; has velvet shoes, but no red velvet shoes. There is no price limitation, so in this case, the emotion is the deal-maker. Danziger points out that retailers cannot create need—only desire. “Need tends to drive choices about where to shop. The higher the real need, the less the other factors play. In many cases, nobody needs anything you sell,” says Danziger.
Enhancing Customers’ Desire
Product features stimulate desire; luxury is the opposite of a need. Danziger says, “[90% agree that] when you buy a luxury item, you expect it to be a cut above the average.” Those consumers who shop for luxury items expect superior quality, and shoppers are increasingly aware about discerning product quality, which justifies spending more.
“Shopping is an experience,” says Danziger. Luxury consumers are willing and able to spend. The key is to add new awareness of value. “Nordstrom doesn’t sell the cheapest stuff—what they sell is with style.”
When you’re pricing items, remember that pricing is not about the money, but the meaning to the customer who will be purchasing the item. “By adding value that has meaning to the customer, you create more incentive and reasoning to buy,” Danziger says.
To play off of the emotion squared factor, she adds that marketers and retailers must control all of the tangibles like place, price, product, and promotion. In addition, the intangibles, like perception, performance, peripheral, people.
While more retailers are expanding their loyalty programs to help acquire and retain customers, Danziger stresses that these offerings need to provide real rewards for customers. “You should never charge anybody for loyalty programs,” Danziger says. “They need to be designed for the convenience of the customer, not the store. Too many loyalty programs are clearly trying to simply get people to spend more money, and not provide the real benefit.”
Danziger’s Keys to a “Shop That Pops”:
· Create high levels of customer involvement and interaction. “The people principle is absolutely the most mission critical when it comes to making the shop pop. You can’t program excitement and energy into a shop.”
· Evoke shopper curiosity- this draws customers into the store and around the aisles to browse, and ultimately, buy. Changing and rearranging merchandise evokes curiosity. Creating a paradox compels curiosity;
· Have a contagious, electric quality- a happening, exciting atmosphere with a nice ambience and organic electricity. "Apple stores aren’t electric until people are in there relating to each other and the products."
· Values-driven concept- vision gives the store soul and feeling, which translates to the importance of the customer. “Damsels in This Dress is more than just a store for apparel, it’s a destination where people discover their inner diva and own style.”
· Price/Value model that favors the shopper- sometimes discounting is the story behind the store. Most often, discounting is downplayed in retail. Rather than marketing down price, it’s all about enhancing the value of the product. It’s also important to run with the values of your target customers and existing customers.
· Accessible, non exclusive, and free from pretensions- stores that are welcoming make the customer feel special. It can’t be faked. There’s a different between saying and doing the right things. “Saks 5th Avenue’s myth as a luxury emporium gives inspiration.”
· Maximize customer involvement- give the community feel. “Cabela’s has something for everyone. It’s a destination for a true shopping experience with a store, natural history museum, and café.”